Who or what is the Holy Spirit?

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The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Godhead and goes forever from the Father through the Son. He is the comforter promised by Jesus Christ that God sent to all believers. The Holy Spirit lives in us, unites us with the Father and the Son, and transforms us through repentance and sanctification and, through constant renewal, aligns us with the image of Christ. The Holy Spirit is the source of inspiration and prophecy in the Bible and the source of unity and community in the Church. He gives spiritual gifts for the work of the gospel and is the Christian's constant guide to all truth (John 14,16:15,26; 2,4.17:19.38; Acts 28,19: 14,17, 26-1; Matthew 1,2:3,5; John 2: 1,21-1; 12,13 Peter 2: 13,13; Titus 1: 12,1, 11 Peter 20,28:16,13, Corinthians; Corinthians; Corinthians; Acts; John).

The Holy Spirit - functionality or personality?

The Holy Spirit is often described in terms of functionality, such as: God's power or presence or action or voice. Is this a suitable way to describe the mind?

Jesus is also described as the power of God (Philippians 4,13), the presence of God (Galatians 2,20), God's action (John 5,19) and the voice of God (John 3,34). But we speak of Jesus in terms of personality.

Scripture also attributes attributes of personality to the Holy Spirit and subsequently raises the profile of the Spirit beyond mere functionality. The Holy Spirit has a will (1 Corinthians 12,11: "But all this works the same spirit and gives everyone what they want"). The Holy Spirit explores, knows, teaches and differentiates (1 Corinthians 2,10: 13).

The Holy Spirit has emotions. The spirit of grace can be reviled (Hebrews 10,29) and grieved (Ephesians 4,30). The Holy Spirit comforted us and, like Jesus, was called a helper (John 14,16). In other passages of Scripture, the Holy Spirit speaks, commands, testifies, is lied to, and occurs. All of these terms are in harmony with personality.

Biblically speaking, the mind is not a what but a who. The mind is "someone", not "something". In most Christian circles, the Holy Spirit is referred to as "he", which is not to be understood as an indication of gender. Rather, it is used to indicate the personality of the mind.

The divinity of the spirit

The Bible attributes divine attributes to the Holy Spirit. He is not described as having angelic or human nature.
Job 33,4 notes: "The Spirit of God made me, and the breath of Almighty gave me life." The Holy Spirit creates. The mind is eternal (Hebrews 9,14). It is omnipresent (Psalm 139,7).

Investigate the Scriptures and you will see that the mind is omnipotent, omniscient and gives life. All of these are attributes of the divine nature. Consequently, the Bible designates the Holy Spirit as divine.

God is one "one"

A basic teaching of the New Testament is that there is a God (1 Corinthians 8,6; Romans 3,29-30; 1 Timothy 2,5; Galatians 3,20). Jesus indicated that he and the father shared the same divinity (John 10,30).

If the Holy Spirit is a divine "someone", is he a separate God? The answer must be no. If this were the case, then God would not be one.

The Scriptures point to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit with names that have the same weight in sentence construction.

In Matthew 28,19:2 it says: "... baptize them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit". The three names are different and have the same linguistic value. Similarly, in 13,14 Corinthians, Paul prays that "the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all". Peter explains that Christians were "chosen by sanctifying the Spirit to be obedient and sprinkled with the blood of Jesus Christ" (1 Peter 1,2).

Therefore, Matthew, Paul, and Peter clearly perceive the differences between the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Paul told the convert in Corinth that the true deity is not a collection of gods (like the Greek pantheon) where everyone gives different gifts. God is one and it is "one [the same] spirit ... one [the same] Lord ... one [the same] God who works there all in all" (1 Corinthians 12,4: 6). Paul later explained more about the relationship between Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit. They are not two separate entities, in fact he says "the Lord" (Jesus) «is the spirit» (2 Corinthians 3,17).

Jesus said that God the Father would send the Spirit of Truth so that the Father could live in the believer (John 16,12: 17). The Spirit refers to Jesus and reminds the faithful of his words (John 14,26) and is sent from the Father through the Son to testify of the salvation that Jesus makes possible (John 15,26). Just as the father and the son are one, so the son and the spirit are one. And by sending the Spirit, the Father lives in us.

The Trinity

After the death of the New Testament apostles there were discussions within the church as to how the deity could be understood. The challenge was to keep God's unity. Various explanations laid out concepts of "bi-theism" (two gods - father and son, but the mind is only a function of either or both) and tri-theism (three gods - father, son and spirit), but this contradicted the basic monotheism found in both the Old and New Testaments (Times 2,10, etc.).

The Trinity, a term not found in the Bible, is a model developed by the early Church Fathers to describe how the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are related within the unity of the Godhead. It was the Christian defense against "tri-theistic" and "bi-theistic" heresies, and fought against pagan polytheism.

Metaphors cannot fully describe God as God, but they can help us get an idea of ​​how to understand the Trinity. A picture is the suggestion that a person is three things at once: Just like a person's soul (Heart, seat of emotions), body and mind (Mind), God is the compassionate father, the son (the deity incarnate - see Colossians 2,9), and the Holy Spirit (who understands only divine things - see 1 Corinthians 2,11).

Biblical references that we have already used in this study teach the truth that the Father and the Son and the Spirit are different people within the one being of God. The NIV Bible translation of Isaiah 9,6 indicates a Trinitarian thought. The child to be born becomes a "wonderful advisor" (the Holy Spirit), «mighty God» (the deity), "Almighty Father" (God the Father) and the "Prince of Peace" Called (God the Son).


The Trinity was hotly debated by various theological disciplines. So z. For example, the Western viewpoint is more hierarchical and static, while the Eastern perspective always shows a movement in the communion of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Theologians speak of the social and economic trinity and other ideas. However, any theory that assumes that the father, the son and the spirit have separate wills or desires or existences must be untrue (and therefore a heresy) because God is one. There is perfect and dynamic love, joy, harmony and absolute unity in the relationship between father, son and spirit.

The Trinity Doctrine is a model to understand the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. Of course, we do not worship doctrines or models. We worship the Father "in spirit and in truth" (John 4,24). Theologies that suggest that the spirit should receive its fair share of glory are suspicious because the spirit does not draw attention to itself but glorifies Christ (John 16,13).

In the New Testament, prayer is primarily addressed to the Father. The Scriptures do not require us to pray to the Holy Spirit. When we pray to the Father, we pray to the Triune God - Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The differences in deity are not three gods, each demanding separate, reverent attention.

Moreover, in the name of Jesus, praying and baptizing are the same as doing in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. The baptism of the Holy Spirit can not be distinguished or superior to the baptism of Christ because the Father, the Lord Jesus, and the Spirit are one.

Receive the Holy Spirit

The spirit is received by everyone in faith who repents and is baptized in the name of Jesus for the forgiveness of sins (Acts 2,38:39, 3,14; Galatians). The Holy Spirit is the spirit of sonship [adoption] that testifies with our spirit that we are children of God (Romans 8,14: 16), and we are “sealed with the Holy Spirit who is promised, which is the pledge of our spiritual heritage (Ephesians 1,14).

If we have the Holy Spirit, then we belong to Christ (Romans 8,9). The Christian church is compared to the temple of God because the Spirit dwells in the believers (1 Corinthians 3,16).

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ that motivated the Old Testament prophets (1 Peter 1,10: 12) who purifies the Christian's soul in obedience to the truth (1 Peter 1,22), capable of salvation (Luke 24,29), sanctify (1 Corinthians 6,11), produces divine fruit (Galatians 5,22: 25), and equips us to spread the gospel and to build the Church (1 Corinthians 12,1: 11-14,12; 4,7:16; Ephesians 12,4: 8; Romans).

The Holy Spirit guides in all truth (John 16,13), and open your eyes to the world about sin and about justice and about judgment » (John 16,8).


The central biblical truth is that God is Father, Son and Holy Spirit, shapes our faith and our lives as Christians. The wonderful and beautiful communion shared by the Father, Son and Spirit is the communion of love into which our Savior Jesus Christ, through His life, death, resurrection and ascension, sets us as God in the flesh.

by James Henderson