Who or what is the Holy Spirit?

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The Holy Spirit is the third person of the deity and goes eternally from the Father through the Son. He is the Comforter promised by Jesus Christ whom God sent to all believers. The Holy Spirit lives in us, unites us with the Father and the Son, and transforms us through repentance and sanctification, and by constant renewal conforms to the image of Christ. The Holy Spirit is the source of inspiration and prophecy in the Bible and the source of unity and communion in the Church. He gives spiritual gifts for the work of the Gospel and is a constant guide to all truth for the Christian (John 14,16, 15,26, Acts 2,4.17-19.38, Matthew 28,19, John 14,17-26, 1, Peter 1,2, Titus 3,5, 2, Peter 1,21; 1, Corinthians 12,13, 2, Corinthians 13,13, 1, Corinthians 12,1-11, Acts 20,28, John 16,13).

The Holy Spirit - functionality or personality?

The Holy Spirit is often described in terms of functionality, such as: God's power or presence or action or voice. Is this a suitable way to describe the mind?

Jesus is also described as the power of God (Phil 4,13), the presence of God (Gal 2,20), the action of God (Joh 5,19) and the voice of God (Joh 3,34). Yet we speak of Jesus in terms of personality.

Scripture ascribes attributes of personality to the Holy Spirit, and subsequently raises the profile of the Spirit beyond mere functionality. The Holy Spirit has a will (1Kor 12,11: "All this works the same one mind and assigns to each his own as he pleases"). The Holy Ghost explores, knows, teaches, and differentiates (1Kor 2,10-13).

The Holy Spirit has emotions. The Spirit of Grace can be abused (Hebr 10,29) and afflicted (Eph 4,30). The Holy Spirit comforts us and is called, just like Jesus, a helper (Joh 14,16). In other sections of Scripture, the Holy Ghost speaks, commands, testifies, lies, and enters. All of these terms are consistent with personality.

Biblically speaking, the mind is not what but a who. The mind is "somebody", not "something". In most Christian circles, the Holy Spirit is called "he," which is not to be understood as referring to a gender. Rather, "he" is used to signify the personality of the mind.

The divinity of the spirit

The Bible attributes divine attributes to the Holy Spirit. He is not described as having angelic or human nature.
Job 33,4 notes, "The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty has given me the life." The Holy Spirit creates. The mind is eternal (Hebr 9,14). He is omnipresent (Ps 139,7).

Investigate the Scriptures and you will see that the mind is omnipotent, omniscient and gives life. All of these are attributes of the divine nature. Consequently, the Bible designates the Holy Spirit as divine.

God is one "one"

A basic teaching of the New Testament is that there is one God (1Kor 8,6, Rom 3,29-30, 1Tim 2,5, Gal 3,20). Jesus indicated that he and the Father shared the same divinity (Joh 10,30).

If the Holy Spirit is a divine "someone," is he a separate God? The answer must be no. If that were the case, then God would not be one.

The Scriptures point to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit with names that have the same weight in sentence construction.

In Matthew 28,19 it says, "baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit". The three terms are different and have the same linguistic value. Similarly, Paul prays in 2. Corinthians 13,14 that "is the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the communion of the Holy Spirit with all of you". Peter declares that Christians "have been chosen by the sanctification of the Spirit for obedience and sprinkling with the blood of Jesus Christ" (1Pt 1,2).

Therefore, Matthew, Paul, and Peter clearly perceive the diversity of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Paul told the converts in Corinth that the true deity is not a collection of gods (like the Greek pantheon) where everyone gives different gifts. God is One, and it is "a same spirit ... a [same] Lord ... a [same] God who works there all in all" (1Kor 12,4-6). Later, Paul explained more about the relationship between Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit. They are not two separate entities, he indeed says "the Lord" (Jesus) "is the Spirit" (2Kor 3,17).

Jesus said that God, the Father, would send the Spirit of Truth so that he, the Father, might dwell in the believer (Joh 16,12-17). The Spirit refers to Jesus and reminds the believers of his words (John 14,26) and is sent by the Father through the Son to testify of the salvation that Jesus makes possible (John 15,26). Just as the Father and the Son are one, so the Son and the Spirit are one. And by sending the Spirit, the Father dwells in us.

The Trinity

After the death of the New Testament apostles, there were discussions within the church about how the deity could be understood. The challenge was to preserve the unity of God. Various explanations put forward concepts of "bi-theism" (two gods - father and son, but the mind is only a function of each or both) and tri-theism (three gods - father, son, and spirit), but this contradicted the fundamental Monotheism found in both the Old and New Testaments (Mal 2,10, etc.).

The Trinity, a term not found in the Bible, is a model developed by the early Church Fathers to describe how the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit communicate with each other within the unity of the Deity. It was the Christian defense against "tri-theistic" and "bi-theistic" heresies, and opposed pagan polytheism.

Metaphors can not fully describe God as God, but they can help us to get an idea of ​​how the Trinity is to be understood. A picture is the suggestion that a human being is three things at once: just as a human being is a soul (heart, seat of feelings), body and mind, so God is the compassionate Father, the Son (the deity bodily - see Kol 2,9), and the Holy Spirit (who alone understands the divine things - see 1Kor 2,11).

Biblical references that we have already used in this study teach the truth that the Father and the Son and the Spirit are different persons within the One Being of God. The NIV Bible translation of Isaiah 9,6 points to a trinitarian thought. The child to be born becomes "wonderful counselor" (the Holy Spirit), "mighty God" (the deity), "almighty Father" (God the Father), and the "Prince of Peace" (God the Son) called.


The Trinity was hotly debated by various theological disciplines. So z. For example, the Western viewpoint is more hierarchical and static, while the Eastern perspective always shows a movement in the communion of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Theologians speak of the social and economic trinity and other ideas. However, any theory that assumes that the Father, Son, and Spirit have separate wills or desires or existences must be considered untrue (and therefore heresy) because God is one. There is complete and dynamic love, joy, harmony and absolute unity in the relationship of Father, Son and Spirit to each other.

The Trinity doctrine is a model to understand the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. Of course we do not worship doctrines or models. We worship the Father "in spirit and in truth" (Joh 4,24). Theologies that suggest that the mind should receive its fair share of glory are suspect because the mind does not draw attention to itself but glorifies Christ (Joh 16,13).

In the New Testament, prayer is primarily addressed to the Father. The Scriptures do not require us to pray to the Holy Spirit. When we pray to the Father, we pray to the Triune God - Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The differences in deity are not three gods, each demanding separate, reverent attention.

Moreover, in the name of Jesus, praying and baptizing are the same as doing in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. The baptism of the Holy Spirit can not be distinguished or superior to the baptism of Christ because the Father, the Lord Jesus, and the Spirit are one.

Receive the Holy Spirit

The Spirit is received by anyone in faith who is repented and baptized in the name of Jesus for the remission of sins (Acts 2,38 39, Gal 3,14). The Holy Spirit is the spirit of sonship [adoption] who bears witness to our spirit, that we are the children of God (Rom 8,14-16), and we are "sealed with the Holy Ghost promised, which is the pledge of ours spiritual heritage is (Eph 1,14).

If we have the Holy Spirit then we belong to Christ (Rom 8,9). The Christian church is compared to the temple of God because the Spirit lives in the believers (1Kor 3,16).

The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ who motivated the Old Testament prophets (1Pt 1,10-12), who purifies the soul of the Christian in obedience to the truth (1Pt 1,22), enabled to salvation (Lk 24,29), sanctifies (1Kor 6,11) produces divine fruit (Gal 5,22-25), and prepares us for the spread of the Gospel and the edification of the Church (1Kor 12,1-11; 14,12; Eph 4,7-16; Rom 12,4-8).

The Holy Spirit guides in all truth (Joh 16,13), and opens the eyes of the world to sin and righteousness and judgment "(Jn 16,8).


The central biblical truth is that God is Father, Son and Holy Spirit, shapes our faith and our lives as Christians. The wonderful and beautiful communion shared by the Father, Son and Spirit is the communion of love into which our Savior Jesus Christ, through His life, death, resurrection and ascension, sets us as God in the flesh.

by James Henderson