Who is Jesus Christ?

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God, the Son, is the second person of the Godhead, fathered eternally by the Father. He is the word and image of the Father - through him and for him, God created all things. He was sent by the Father as Jesus Christ, God revealed in the flesh, to give us salvation. He was received by the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary - he was all God and all man, united two natures in one person. He, the Son of God and Lord of all, is worthy of honor and worship. As the prophesied Redeemer of humanity, he died for our sins, was bodily raised from the dead, and ascended to heaven where he acts as a mediator between man and God. He will return in glory to rule all nations in the kingdom of God as King of kings (John 1,1.10.14, Colossians 1,15-16, Hebrews 1,3, John 3,16, Titus 2,13, Matthew 1,20, Acts 10,36, 1, Corinthians 15,3-4; Hebrew 1,8, Revelation 19,16).

Christianity is about Christ

"At its core, Christianity is not a beautiful, complex system like Buddhism, an overarching moral code like Islam, or a fine set of rituals, as some churches have portrayed. The crucial starting point for any discussion on this subject is the fact that 'Christianity', as the word suggests, is all about one person, Jesus Christ (Dickson 1999: 11).

Christianity, although originally regarded as a Jewish sect, differed from Judaism. The Jews had faith in God, but most do not accept Jesus as the Christ. Another group referred to in the New Testament, the pagan "godly" to whom Kornelius belonged (Act 10,2), also had faith in God, but again, not all accepted Jesus as the Messiah.

"The person of Jesus Christ is central to Christian theology. While 'theology' could be defined as 'talking about God', 'Christian theology' plays a central role in the role of Christ "(McGrath 1997: 322).

"Christianity is not a set of self-sufficient or freestanding ideas; it is an ongoing response to the questions posed by the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Christianity is a historical religion that emerged in response to a specific series of events focused on Jesus Christ. "

There is no Christianity without Jesus Christ. Who was this Jesus? What was so special about him that Satan wanted to destroy him and suppress the story of his birth (Offb 12,4-5, Mt 2,1-18)? What was it about him that made his disciples so bold that they were accused of turning the world upside down?

God comes to us through Christ

The last study ended by emphasizing that we can only know God through Jesus Christ (Mt 11,27), who is the true reflection of God's inner being (Hebr 1,3). Only through Jesus can we know what God is because only Jesus is the revealed image of the Father (Col. 1,15).

The Gospels explain that God entered the human dimension through the person of Jesus Christ. The Apostle John wrote: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word" (John 1,1). The Word was identified as Jesus who "became flesh and dwelt among us" (Joh 1,14).

Jesus, the Word, is the second person of the deity, in whom "the whole fullness of the deity dwells bodily" (Col. 2,9). Jesus was both human and totally God, Son of Man and Son of God. "For it pleased God that all fulness should dwell in him" (Col. 1,19), "and from his fullness we all have taken grace for mercy" (Jn 1,16).

"Christ Jesus, who was in divine form, did not consider it a robbery to be like God, but humbled himself and took on the form of a servant, equal to man, and seen in appearance as man" (Phil 2,5-7). This section explains that Jesus himself divested himself of the privileges of divinity and became one of us so that those "who believe in his name were given the right to become children of God" (Jn 1,12). We ourselves believe that we are personally, historically and eschatologically confronted with the divinity of God in the humanity of this particular man Jesus of Nazareth (Jinkins 2001: 98).

When we meet Jesus, we encounter God. Jesus says, "If you know me, you also know the Father" (John 8,19).

Jesus Christ is the creator and sustainer of all things

With regard to "the word," John tells us that "the same was in the beginning with God. All things are done by the same, and without them nothing is done that is done "(Jn 1,2-3).

Paul continues this notion: "... everything is done through him and to him" (Kol 1,16). The Letter to the Hebrews also speaks of "Jesus, who has been lower than the angels for a little while" (ie, he became man) "for whose sake all things are and through whom all things are" (Heb. 2,9-10). Jesus Christ is "above all, and there is everything in him" (Kol 1,17). He "carries all things with his powerful word" (Hebr 1,3).

The Jewish leaders did not understand his divine nature. Jesus told them, "I came from God" and "before Abraham became I am" (Jn 8,42.58). The "I AM" referred to the name God used for himself when speaking to Moses (2Mo 3,14), and subsequently the Pharisees and law teachers sought to stone him for blasphemy because he claimed to be divine (Joh 8,59).

Jesus is the Son of God

John wrote about Jesus: "We saw His glory, a glory as the only begotten Son of the Father, full of grace and truth" (John 1,14). Jesus was the one and only son of the Father.

When Jesus was baptized, God called out to him, "You are my dear son, I am well pleased with you" (Mk 1,11, Lk 3,22).

When Peter and John received a vision of the Kingdom of God, Peter considered Jesus to be on the same level as Moses and Elijah. He did not realize that Jesus was "worth more honor than Moses" (Hebr 3,3), and that someone who was greater than the prophets stood in their midst. Again a voice came from heaven and cried, "This is my dear son, in whom I am well pleased; you should hear that! "(Mt 17,5). Because Jesus is the Son of God, we too should hear what he has to say.

This was the central passage in the proclamation of the apostles when they spread the good news of salvation in Christ. Note Acts 9,20, where it is called from Saul, before he became known as Paul: "And immediately he preached in the synagogues of Jesus that this is the Son of God." Jesus was "after the Spirit who sanctified, appointed as a son God's power through the resurrection of the dead (Rom 1,4).

The sacrifice of the Son of God empowers believers to be saved. "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life" (Jn 3,16). "The Father has sent the Son as Savior of the World" (1Joh 4,14).

Jesus is Lord and King

At the birth of Christ, the angel proclaimed to the shepherds the following message: "For today the Savior is born to you, who is Christ the Lord, in the city of David" (Lk 2,11).

The mission to John the Baptist was to "prepare the way of the Lord" (Mk 1,1-4; Joh 3,1-6).

In his introductory notes in various letters, Paul, James, Peter, and John referred to "the Lord Jesus Christ" (1Kor 1,2-3, 2Kor 2,2, Eph 1,2, 1,1X, 1Pt 1,3, 2Joh 3, etc.)

The term Lord indicates sovereignty over all aspects of the believer's faith and spiritual life. Revelation 19,16 reminds us that the word of God, Jesus Christ,

"King of kings and lord of lords"

is.

In his book Invitation to Theology, the modern theologian Michael Jinkins states: "His claim to us is absolute and comprehensive. We belong wholeheartedly, body and soul, in life and in death to the Lord Jesus Christ "(2001: 122).

Jesus is the prophesied Messiah, the Savior

In Daniel 9,25, God declares that the Messiah, the prince, will come to deliver his people. Messiah in Hebrew means "the anointed one". Andrew, an early follower of Jesus, realized that he and the other disciples had found in Jesus "the Messiah," which is translated from Greek as "the Christ" (the Anointed One) (Joh 1,41).

Many prophecies of the Old Testament spoke of the coming of the Savior [Savior, Redeemer]. In his narrative of the birth of Christ, Matthew often details how these prophecies about the Messiah were fulfilled in the life and ministry of the Son of God, who miraculously received the Holy Spirit in a virgin named Mary at the time of His incarnation and called Jesus became what rescuers meant. "But all this has happened to fulfill what the Lord has said through the Prophet (Mt 1,22).

Luke wrote: "Everything must be fulfilled, what is written by me in the Law of Moses, in the Prophets and in the Psalms" (Lk 24,44). He had to fulfill the messianic predictions. The other evangelists testify that Jesus is the Christ (Mk 8,29; Lk 2,11; 4,41; 9,20; Joh 6,69; 20,31).

The early Christians taught that "Christ must suffer and rise first from the dead and proclaim the light to his people and to the Gentiles" (Acts 26,23). In other words, Jesus is "truly the Savior of the world" (Joh 4,42).

Jesus returns in compassion and judgment

For the Christian, the whole story leads and flows away from the events of the life of Christ. The story of his life is central to our faith.

But this story is not over. It continues from the time of the New Testament to eternity. The Bible explains that Jesus leads his life in us, and how he does so will be discussed in a following lesson.

Jesus will also return (Joh 14,1-3, Apg 1,11, 1Th 4,13-18, 2Pt 3,10-13, and so on). He returns, not to deal with sin (this he has already done through his sacrifice), but to salvation (Heb. 9,28). At His "Throne of Grace" (Hebr 4,16) "He will judge the world with justice" (Acts 17,31). "But our civil rights are in heaven; whence we also await the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ "(Phil 3,20).

conclusion

The Scriptures reveal Jesus as the Word made flesh, the Son of God, the Lord, the King, the Messiah, the Savior of the world, who will come a second time to show mercy and judgment. He is central to the Christian faith because there is no Christianity without Christ. We have to hear what he has to say.

by James Henderson