Who or what is Satan?

024 wkg bs satan

Angels are created spirits. They are equipped with free will. The holy angels serve God as messengers and agents, are ministering spirits to those who are to receive salvation, and will accompany Christ upon his return. The disobedient angels are called demons, evil spirits and unclean spirits (Hebr 1,14, Offb 1,1, 22,6, Mt 25,31, 2, Petr 2,4, Mk 1,23, Mt 10,1).

Satan is a fallen angel, leader of the evil forces in the spirit world. In Scripture he is addressed in various ways: devils, adversaries, the wicked, murderers, liars, thieves, tempters, accusers of our brothers, dragon, god of this world, etc. He is in constant rebellion against God. Through his influence he sows discord, delusion and disobedience among men. He is already defeated in Christ, and his reign and influence as God of this world will end with the return of Jesus Christ (Lk 10,18, Offb 12,9, 1, Petr 5,8, Joh 8,44, Job 1,6-12, Zechariah 3,1-2, Rev. 12,10, 2, Kor 4,4, Offb 20,1-3, Hebr 2,14, 1, Joh 3,8).

Satan is not divine

The Bible makes it clear that there is only one God (Mal 2,10, Eph 4,6), and he is Father, Son and Holy Spirit (see lesson # 5). Satan does not possess the characteristic features of deity. He is not the Creator, he is not omnipresent, not omniscient, not full of grace and truth, not "the only mighty One, the King of kings and Lord of lords" (1Tim 6,15). The Scriptures indicate that Satan was in his original state among the created angels. Angels are created ministering spirits (Neh 9,6, Hebr 1,13-14), equipped with free will.

Angels execute God's commands and are more powerful than humans (Ps 103,20; 2Pt 2,11). It is also reported that they protect believers (Ps 91,11) and praise God (Lk 2,13-14, Offb 4, etc.).
Satan, whose name means "adversary," and whose name is the devil, perhaps led up to a third of the angels in a rebellion against God (Rev 12,4). Despite this apostasy, God is rallying "thousands of angels" (Hebr 12,22). Demons are angels who "did not preserve their celestial rank but left their dwelling place" (Jud 6) and joined Satan. "For God did not spare even the angels who sinned, but thrust them into hell with chains of darkness and handed them over to be held for judgment" (2Pt 2,4). The activity of the demons is limited by these spiritual and metaphorical chains.

The typology of Old Testament sections such as Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28 indicates that Satan was a particular angelic being, one speculating that it was an archangel standing in good standing with God. Satan was "impeccable" from the day he was created until misdeeds were found, and he was "full of wisdom and beautiful about the masses" (Hes 28,12-15).

But he became "full of iniquities," his heart became haughty because of his beauty, and his wisdom was corrupted for his splendor. He gave up his holiness and his ability to cover in mercy and became a "spectacle" destined for destruction (Hes 28,16-19).

Satan transformed himself from the Lightbringer (the name Lucifer in Isaiah 14,12 means "Lightbringer") to the "Power of Darkness" (Col 1,13, Eph 2,2) when he decided his status as an angel was not enough, and he like the "Most High "Wanted to become divine (Jes 14,13-14).

Compare that to the angel's response that John wanted to worship: "Do not do it!" (Offb 19,10). Angels should not be worshiped because they are not God.

Because society made idols out of the negative values ​​that Satan supported, the Scriptures call him the "God of this world" (2Kor 4,4), and the "mighty who rule in the air" (Eph 2,2), whose corrupt spirit is everywhere (Eph 2,2). But Satan is not divine and is not on the same spiritual level as God.

What Satan is doing

"The devil sins from the beginning" (1Joh 3,8). "He is a murderer from the beginning and is not in the truth; because the truth is not in him. When he speaks lies, he speaks of his own; because he is a liar and the father of lies "(Joh 8,44). With his lies, he accuses believers "day and night before our God" (Rom 12,10).

He is evil, just as in the days of Noah he deceived humanity into malice: the poetry and the costumes of their hearts were only evil (1Mo 6,5).

His desire is to exert his evil influence on believers and potential believers to distract them from the "bright light of the gospel of the glory of Christ" (2Kor 4,4), so that they do not receive "a share in the divine nature" (2Pt 1,4).

To this end, he tempts Christians to sin as he tried Christ (Mt 4,1-11), and he used treachery, as with Adam and Eve, to distract them from "simplicity of Christ" (2Kor 11,3). To achieve this, he sometimes pretends to be the "Angel of Light" (2Kor 11,14), pretending to be something he is not.

Through lure and the influence of society under his control, Satan seeks to make Christians alienate themselves from God. A believer separates himself through his / her free will to sin from God, yielding to sinful human nature, following Satan's corrupt ways and accepting his considerable fraudulent influence (Mt 4,1-10; 1Joh 2,16-17; 3,8; 5,19 ; Eph 2,2; 1,21; 1Pt 5,8; Jak 3,15).

But it is important to remember that Satan and his demons, including all the temptations of Satan, are subject to the authority of God. God allows such activities because it is God's will that believers have the freedom (free will) to make spiritual decisions (16,6-12; Mk 1,27; Lk 4,41; 1,16-17; 1Kor 10,13; Lk 22,42; 1Kor 14,32).

How should the believer react to Satan?

The main biblical response of the believer to Satan and his attempts to entice us to sin is to "resist the devil, so he flees from you" (Ya 4,7, Mt 4,1-10), and thus "none." Room "or no opportunity to give (Eph 4,27).

Resisting Satan includes prayer for protection, submitting to God in obedience to Christ, being aware of how much evil attracts us, acquiring spiritual qualities (which Paul calls the putting on of the whole armor of God), faith in Christ passing through take care of the Holy Spirit (Mt 6,31; 4,7; 2Kor 2,11; 10,4-5; Eph 6,10-18; 2Th 3,3). Resisting also involves being spiritually alert, "because the devil walks around like a roaring lion and seeks out whom he devours" (1Pt 5,8-9).

Above all, we put our trust in Christ. In 2. Thessalonian 3,3 we read, "that the Lord is faithful; he will strengthen and protect you from evil. " We rely on the fidelity of Christ by standing firm in faith and devoting ourselves to Him in prayer, to redeem us from evil (Mt. 6,13).

Christians should stay in Christ (Joh 15,4) and avoid dealing with Satan's activities. They should think about things that are respectable, just, pure, lovely and have a good reputation (Phil 4,8) meditating instead of exploring "the depths of Satan" (Offb 2,24).

Believers must also accept responsibility for taking responsibility for their personal sins and not blaming Satan. Satan may be the cause of evil, but he and his demons are not the only ones who uphold evil because men and women, by their own volition, have created and perpetuated their own evil. The humans, not Satan and his demons, are responsible for their own sins (Hes 18,20, Jak 1,14-15).

Jesus has already won the victory

Sometimes the view is expressed that God is the greater, and Satan the lesser God, and that they are somehow trapped in eternal conflict. This idea is called dualism.
Such a view is unbiblical. There is no ongoing struggle for universal supremacy between the forces of darkness headed by Satan and the forces of good led by God. Satan is only a created being, subordinate to God, and God has supreme authority in all things. Jesus has triumphed over all the claims of Satan. By faith in Christ, we already have victory, and God has sovereignty over all things (Kol 1,13, 2,15, 1Joh 5,4, 93,1, 97,1, 1Tim 6,15, Offb 19,6).

Therefore, Christians need not be overly concerned about the effectiveness of Satan's attacks on them. Neither angels nor powers nor powers "can separate us from the love of God who is in Christ Jesus" (Rom 8,38-39).

From time to time, we read in the Gospels and in the book of Acts that Jesus and the disciples he specially authorized emanated demons from people who were physically and / or mentally afflicted. This illustrates Christ's victory over the forces of darkness. The motivation included both compassion for the sufferer and the attestation of the authority of Christ, the Son of God. The expulsion of the demons was associated with the alleviation of spiritual and / or physical suffering, not the spiritual issue of removing personal sin and its consequences (Mt 17,14-18; Mk 1,21-27; Mk 9,22; Lk 8,26-29; Lk 9,1; Apg 16,1-18).

Satan will no longer shake the earth, shatter kingdoms, turn the world into a desert, destroy cities and keep humanity imprisoned in a house of spiritual prisoners (Jes 14,16-17).

"He who does sin is of the devil; because the devil sins from the beginning. In addition, the Son of God appeared to destroy the works of the devil "(1Joh 3,8). By provoking sin to believers, Satan had the power to lead him or her to spiritual death, that is, alienation from God. But Jesus sacrificed himself "so that through his death he might take power over him who had power over death, the devil" (Hebr 2,14).

Upon the return of Christ, he will remove the influence of Satan and his demons, in addition to the people who hold back Satan's influence without remorse, throwing them into the Gehenna Lake of Fire once and for all (2Th 2,8, Offb 20).


Satan is a fallen angel who seeks to corrupt God's will and prevent the believer from achieving his or her spiritual potential. It is important for the believer to be aware of the tools of Satan without being too busy with Satan or demons, so that Satan will not overemphasize us (2Kor 2,11).

by James Henderson