What Jesus says about the Holy Spirit
I occasionally talk to believers who find it hard to understand why the Holy Ghost, as well as the Father and the Son, is God - one of the three persons of the Trinity. I usually use examples from Scripture to show the qualities and actions that identify the Father and the Son as persons, and that the Holy Ghost is described in the same way as a person. Then I name the many titles used to refer to the Holy Spirit in the Bible. And finally, I'll talk about what Jesus taught about the Holy Spirit. In this letter, I will focus on his teachings.
In the Gospel of John, Jesus speaks of the Holy Spirit in three ways: Holy Spirit, Spirit of Truth, and Paraclētos (a Greek word that is reproduced in various Bible translations with advocates, counselors, helpers and comforters). Scripture shows that Jesus did not see the Holy Spirit merely as a source of strength. The word paraklētos means “someone to stand by” and is generally referred to in Greek literature as a person who represents and defends someone in a matter. In John's writings, Jesus calls himself paraklētos and uses the same term to refer to the Holy Spirit.
The evening before his execution, Jesus told his disciples that he would leave them (John 13,33), but promised not to leave them "as orphans" (John 14,18). In his place, he promised, he would ask the father to send "another comforter [Paraklētos]" who would then be with them (John 14,16). By saying "another", Jesus implied that it was a first (Himself) and the coming one, like himself, would be a divine person of the Trinity, not just a force. Jesus served them as paraklētos - in his presence (even in the midst of severe storms), the disciples found the courage and the strength to leave their "comfort zones" to join his ministry for the benefit of all mankind. Now Jesus was saying goodbye and understandably they were deeply worried. Until then, Jesus was the paraclete of the disciples (see 1 John 2,1, where Jesus is referred to as an "advocate" [Paraklētos]). After (especially after Pentecost) the Holy Spirit would be their advocate - their ever-present advisor, comforter, helper and teacher. What Jesus promised to his disciples and what the Father sent was not just a force, but a person - the third person of the Trinity, whose ministry is to accompany and guide the disciples on the Christian path.
We see the personal work of the Holy Spirit everywhere in the Bible: in Genesis 1: it hovers on the water; in the Gospel of Luke: he overshadowed Mary. He is mentioned 1 times in the four Gospels, 56 times in Acts and 57 times in the letters of the Apostle Paul. In these scriptures we recognize the work of the Holy Spirit as a person in many ways: comforting, teaching, guiding, warning; in the selection and giving of gifts, as support in helpless praying; affirming us as adopted children, liberating us to invoke God as our abba (Father) like Jesus did. Follow Jesus' guidance: but when the Spirit of Truth comes, He will guide you to all Truth. Because he will not speak of himself; but what he will hear, he will speak, and what is in the future, he will announce to you. He will glorify me; for he will take it from mine and proclaim it to you. Everything the father has is mine. That is why I said: He will take it from mine and preach it to you (John 16,13: 15).
In communion with the father and the son, the Holy Spirit has a special task. Instead of talking about himself, he points people to Jesus, who then brings them to the Father. Instead of doing his will, the Holy Spirit takes on the will of the father according to what the son says. The divine will of the one, united, triune God comes from the Father through the Word (Jesus) and is carried out by the Holy Spirit. We can now be happy and receive help through the personal presence of God in the work of the Holy Spirit, our Paraclētos. Our service and our worship belong to the triune God, in three divine persons, being one in being, acting, willing and aiming. Thankful for the Holy Spirit and his work.
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Title of the Holy Spirit in the Bible
Holy Spirit (Psalm 51,13:1,13; Ephesians)
Spirit of advice and strength (Isaiah 11,2)
Spirit of judgment (Isaiah 4,4)
Spirit of knowledge and fear of the Lord (Isaiah 11,2)
Spirit of Grace and Prayer (Zechariah 12,10)
Power of the Most High (Luke 1,35)
Spirit of god (1 Corinthians 3,16)
Spirit of Christ (Romans 8,9)
Eternal Spirit of God (Hebrews 9,14)
Spirit of truth (John 16,13)
Spirit of grace (Hebrews 10,29)
Spirit of glory (1 Peter 4,14)
Spirit of life (Romans 8,2)
Spirit of wisdom and revelation (Ephesians 1,17)
The comforter (John 14,26)
The spirit of promise (Acts 1,4-5)
Childhood Spirit [Adoption] (Romans 8,15)
Spirit of holiness (Romans 1,4)
Spirit of faith (2 Corinthians 4,13)