Satan is not divine

The Bible makes it clear that there is only one God (Mal 2,10:4,6; Ephesians) and he is Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Satan does not have the characteristic features of the deity. He is not the creator, he is not omnipresent, not omniscient, not full of grace and truth, not "the only mighty, the king of kings and lord of all lords" (1 Timothy 6,15). Scripture indicates that Satan was among the created angels in its original state. Angels are created serving spirits (Nehemiah 9,6; Hebrews 1,13-14), endowed with free will.

Angels carry out God's commands and are more powerful than humans (Psalm 103,20:2; 2,11 Peter). They are also reported to protect believers (Psalm 91,11) and praise God (Luke 2,13: 14-4; Revelation, etc.).
Satan, whose name means "adversary" and whose name is also the devil, may have led up to a third of the angels in a rebellion against God (Revelation 12,4). Despite this apostasy, God gathers “thousands of angels” around him (Hebrews 12,22).

Demons are angels who "did not maintain their heavenly rank, but left their dwelling" (Judas 6) and joined Satan. «Because God did not spare even the angels who sinned, but pushed them into hell with chains of darkness and handed them over so that they could be held for judgment» (2 Peter 2,4). The activity of the demons is limited by these spiritual and metaphorical chains.

The typology of Old Testament sections such as Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28 indicates that Satan was a particular angelic being, one speculating that it was an archangel standing in good standing with God.

Satan was "impeccable" from the day he was created until iniquity was found on him, and he was "full of wisdom and beyond measure" (Ezekiel 28,12: 15).

But he became "full of wickedness", his heart became arrogant because of his beauty, and his wisdom was spoiled because of his splendor. He gave up his holiness and ability to cover up compassionately and became a "spectacle" destined for destruction (Ezekiel 28,16: 19).

Satan changed from the lightbringer (the name Lucifer in Isaiah 14,12 means "Light Bringer") to the "power of darkness" (Colossians 1,13:2,2; Ephesians) when he decided that his status as an angel was not enough and he wanted to become divine like the "Most High" (Isaiah 14,13: 14).

Compare that to the angel's reaction that John wanted to worship: "Don't do it!" (Revelation 19,10). Angels should not be worshiped because they are not God.

Because society has made idols out of the negative values ​​that Satan supported, Scripture calls him the “God of this world” (2 Corinthians 4,4), and the "mighty who rules in the air" (Ephesians 2,2), whose corrupted spirit is everywhere (Ephesians 2,2). But Satan is not divine and is not on the same spiritual level as God.

What Satan is doing

«The devil sins from the beginning» (1 John 3,8). «He has been a murderer from the beginning and is not in the truth; because the truth is not in him. When he speaks lies, he speaks from his own; because he is a liar and the father of lies » (John 8,44). With his lies he accuses believers "day and night before our God" (Romans 12,10).

He is evil, just as he seduced mankind into wickedness in the days of Noah: the poetry and striving of her heart was only ever evil (Genesis 1:6,5).

His desire is to exert an evil influence on believers and potential believers, to keep them from the "bright light of the gospel of the glory of Christ" (2 Corinthians 4,4) so ​​that they do not receive a “share in the divine nature” (2 Peter 1,4).

To this end, he leads Christians to sin as he tried Christ (Matthew 4,1: 11), and he used deceit, as with Adam and Eve, to keep them "from simplicity towards Christ" (2 Corinthians 11,3). To achieve this, he sometimes pretends to be the "angel of light" (2 Corinthians 11,14), and pretends to be something that it is not.

Through temptations and through the influence of society under his control, Satan tries to get Christians to alienate themselves from God. A believer separates himself from his / her free will to sin from God, by giving in to sinful human nature, following Satan's corrupt ways and accepting his considerable fraudulent influence (Matthew 4,1: 10-1; 2,16 John 17: 3,8-5,19; 2,2; 1,21: 1; Ephesians 5,8: 3,15; Colossians; Peter; James).

But it is important to remember that Satan and his demons, including all of Satan's temptations, are under the authority of God. God allows such activities because it is God's will that believers be free (free will) to make spiritual decisions (Job 16,6-12; Mark 1,27; Luke 4,41; Colossians 1,16-17; 1 Corinthians 10,13; Luke 22,42; 1 Corinthians 14,32).

How should the believer react to Satan?

The main biblical response of the believer to Satan and his attempts to entice us to sin is "to resist the devil so he flees from you" (James 4,7; Matthew 4,1: 10), and thus to give him "no space" or opportunity (Ephesians 4,27).

Resisting Satan includes prayer for protection, submitting to God in obedience to Christ, being aware of how much evil attracts us, acquiring spiritual qualities (what Paul calls the putting on all of God's armor), belief in Christ who takes care of us through the Holy Spirit (Matthew 6,31; James 4,7; 2 Corinthians 2,11; 10,4-5; Ephesians 6,10-18; 2 Thessalonians 3,3).

Resisting also means being mentally vigilant, "because the devil walks around like a roaring lion and searches for whom he will devour" (1 Peter 5,8:9).

Above all, we put our trust in Christ. In 2 Thessalonians 3,3 we read “that the Lord is faithful; it will strengthen you and protect you from evil ». We rely on Christ's faithfulness by "standing firm in our faith" and in prayer devoting ourselves fully to delivering us from evil (Matthew 6,13).

Christians should stay in Christ (John 15,4) and avoid engaging in Satan's activities. You should think about things that are honorable, just, pure, lovely, and have a good reputation (Philippians 4,8) meditate instead of exploring "the depths of Satan" (Revelation 2,24).

Believers must also accept the responsibility to take responsibility for their personal sins and not to blame Satan. Satan may be the originator of evil, but he and his demons are not the only ones who maintain evil because men and women have created and persisted in their own will to create their own evil. People, not Satan and his demons, are responsible for their own sins (Ezekiel 18,20; James 1,14-15).

Jesus has already won the victory

Sometimes the view is expressed that God is the greater, and Satan the lesser God, and that they are somehow trapped in eternal conflict. This idea is called dualism.
Such a view is unbiblical. There is no ongoing struggle for universal supremacy between the powers of darkness, led by Satan, and the powers of good, led by God. Satan is only a created being, completely subordinate to God, and God has supreme authority in all things. Jesus won over all of Satan's claims. By believing in Christ we already have victory, and God has sovereignty over all things (Colossians 1,13:2,15; 1:5,4; 93,1 John 97,1; Psalm 1; 6,15; 19,6 Timothy; Revelation).

Therefore, Christians need not be overly concerned about the effectiveness of Satan's attacks against them. Neither angels nor powers nor powers "can separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus" (Romans 8,38-39).

From time to time we read in the Gospels and in Acts that Jesus and the disciples whom he specifically empowered drove out demons from people who were physically and / or spiritually troubled. This illustrates Christ's victory over the powers of darkness. The motivation included both compassion for the suffering and the authentication of the authority of Christ, the Son of God. The expulsion of demons was associated with the alleviation of spiritual and / or physical suffering, not the spiritual question of removing personal sin and its consequences (Matthew 17,14-18; Mark 1,21-27; Mark 9,22; Luke 8,26-29; Luke 9,1; Acts 16,1-18).

Satan will no longer make the earth tremble, shake kingdoms, make the world a desert, destroy cities, and keep mankind locked in a house of spiritual prisoners (Isaiah 14,16: 17).

«Whoever commits sin is of the devil; because the devil sins from the beginning. In addition, the Son of God appeared to destroy the works of the devil » (1 John 3,8). By provoking the believer to sin, Satan had the power to lead him or her to spiritual death, that is, alienation from God. But Jesus sacrificed himself "so that by his death he would take power from those who had control over death, namely the devil" (Hebrews 2,14).

Upon Christ's return, he will remove the influence of Satan and his demons, in addition to those who hold on to Satan's influence without remorse by throwing them once and for all into the Lake of Gehna (2 Thessalonians 2,8: 20; Revelation).


Satan is a fallen angel who seeks to corrupt God's will and prevent believers from reaching his or her spiritual potential. It is important that the believer be aware of the tools of Satan without being too concerned with Satan or demons so that Satan does not take advantage of us (2 Corinthians 2,11).

by James Henderson

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