Trumpet Day: A feast fulfilled in Christ

233 Trumpet Day performed by JesusIn September (exceptionally on 3 October this year), the Jews celebrate New Year's Day, "Rosh Hashanah", which in Hebrew means "head of the year". Part of the tradition of the Jews is that they eat a piece of a fish head, symbolic of the head of the year, and greet each other with "Leschana towa," meaning "a good year!". According to tradition, the feast of Rosh Hashanah is linked to the sixth day of the Creation Week, when God created man.

In the Hebrew text of the 3. Book of Moses 23,24 is given the day as "Sikron Terua", which means "memorial day with trumpet bubbles". Therefore, this day in English is often referred to as the Festival of Trumpets (German: Trumpet Day). Many rabbis teach that at Rosh Hashanah, a shofar (trombone made from a ram's horn) was blown at least 100 times, including a series of 30 painting to signal hope for the coming of the Messiah. I have a shofar and I can tell you that it is very difficult to make a sound at all. I read that at Rosh Hashanah's service it was customary to have a trained substitute in case the first one was unable to blow the required number of trumpet signals.

According to the Jewish sources, there are three types of beeps that were blown on that day:

  • Teki'a - a long constant tone as a symbol of hope in God's strength and as a praise that he is the God (of Israel),
  • Shevirim - three shorter interrupted sounds that symbolize the howls and wails of sins and fallen humanity
  • Teru'a - nine fast, staccato-like sounds (similar to the sound of an alarm clock) to present the broken hearts of those who have come before God.

As for Teru'a, the Talmud says, "If there is a judgment from below (a broken heart), you do not need a judgment from above." Rabbi Moshe Ben Maimon (known as Maimonides), perhaps the most important Jewish scholar and teacher of the Middle Ages, adds the following important qualification:

It is not enough that God alone is my king. If all humanity does not recognize God as King, then something is missing in my own relationship with God. It is part of my love for the Almighty that I help all people recognize Him. Of course, this is largely an expression of my deep concern for others. But it also affects my own sense of God's all-encompassing royal rule.

[Blowing the Trumpets - Enlarge image] Ancient Israel originally used ram horns for their trumpets; but after some time these became like we were from 4. Moses 10 experienced, replaced by trombones (or trumpets) of silver. The use of trumpets is mentioned 72 times in the Old Testament. They were blown on various occasions: to alert in danger, to summon the people to a festive gathering, to announce announcements, and as a call to worship. In times of war trombones were used to prepare the soldiers for their mission and then give the signal for combat use. Trumpets also announced the arrival of the king.

At the present time, some Christians celebrate the Trumpet Day as a feast day with a service and often associate it with reference to future events - Jesus' second coming or the rapture of the church. As benevolent as these interpretations of this festival may be, they overlook the fact that Jesus already fulfilled what this feast had pointed out. As we know, the Old Covenant, which included the Trumpet Day, was only temporary. He was appointed to announce to the people the coming Messiah. His titles are Prophet, Priest, Sage and King. The blowing of the trumpet to Rosh Hashanah not only signals the beginning of the annual festival calendar in Israel, but announces the message of the festival: "Our king is coming!"

For me, the most important part of the Trumpet Day is how it refers to Jesus and how Jesus fulfilled it when he first came: through his incarnation, his work of reconciliation, his death, his resurrection, and his ascension. Through these "events in Christ's life," God not only fulfilled His covenant with Israel (the Old Covenant), but changed all time forever. Jesus is the head of the year - the head of all time, especially because he created the time. He is our tabernacle and we have new life in him. Paul wrote: "If anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old has passed, behold, the new has become "(2, Corinthians 5,17).

Jesus is the last Adam. He prevailed where the first Adam had failed. Jesus is our Passover, our unleavened bread and our reconciliation. He is the one (and only) one who removes our sins. Jesus is our Sabbath in which we find peace before sin. As Lord of all time he lives in us now and all our time is holy because we live the new life that we have in communion with him. Jesus, our King and Lord, has made the trumpet sound once and for all!

Living in fellowship with Jesus,

Joseph Tkach


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